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Morinda officinalis introduction

  • Morinda officinalis How, belonging to the genus Morinda of the family Rubiaceae, is a perennial vine naturally distributed in southern China and northern Vietnam. M. officinalis, a commonly used traditional Chinese medicinal plant, was first reported in Shen Nong Ben Cao Jing and accepted in the Chinese Pharmacopoeia in 1963. The roots of M. officinalis, named bajitian in traditional Chinese medicine, are one of the four famous southern herbs from the Lingnan region of southern China. The roots of M. officinalis are widely used for the treatment of various diseases, such as impotence, infertility, abnormal menstruation, rheumatism, and arthralgia. In China and northeast Asia, M. officinalis is also usually used as a tonic for nourishing the kidneys and enhancing immune functioning in the body.